Dasiphora fruticosa Shrubland Alliance
Shrubby cinquefoil scrub

USDA Ecological Section Map

Summary Information

  • Primary Life FormShrub
  • Elevation2000-3600 m
  • State RarityS3?
  • Global RarityG5
  • DistributionCAN: AB, SK. USA: CA, ID, MT, ND, WY (NatureServe)
  • Endemic to CaliforniaNo
  • Endemic to California Floristic Province and DesertsNo
  • Date Added2009/09/01

Characteristic Species

Dasiphora fruticosa is dominant or characteristically present in the shrub and herbaceous layers with Achillea millefolium, Antennaria media, Antennaria rosea, Artemisia cana, Carex filifolia, Carex microptera, Danthonia intermedia, Deschampsia cespitosa, Elymus elymoides, Ligusticum grayi, Muhlenbergia richardsonis, Poa glauca ssp. rupicola, Poa pratensis, Poa secunda, Potentilla breweri, Potentilla drummondii, Pyrrocoma apargioides, Selaginella watsonii, Trifolium longipes, Trisetum spicatum and Veratrum californicum.

Vegetation Layers

Shrubs < 2 m; canopy is open to intermittent. Herbaceous layer is intermittent to continuous.

Membership Rules

  • Dasiphora fruticosa > 50% relative cover in the shrub canopy, though the canopy is variable and may average < 10 % cover to 60% cover and is usually associated with the herbs having higher cover than the shrubs (Keeler-Wolf et al. 2003b).


Wet subalpine to alpine meadows, stream terraces, slopes near springs or areas with heavy snow accumulations, and forest edges. Soils are loams. The USFWS Wetland Inventory (1996 national list) recognizes Dasiphora fruticosa as a FACW plant.

Other Habitat, Alliance and Community Groupings

MCV (1995) Alpine habitat
NVCS (2009) Dasiphora fruticosa ssp. floribunda shrub herbaceous alliance
Calveg Alpine mixed scrub, Wet grasses and forbs
Holland Wet subalpine or alpine meadow
Munz Alpine fell-fields
WHR Alpine dwarf-shrub, Wet meadow
CDFW CA Code 38.110.00

National Vegetation Classification Hierarchy

Formation Class Mesomorphic Tree Vegetation (Forest and Woodland)
Formation Subclass Temperate Forest
Formation Temperate Flooded and Swamp Forest
Division Western North America Flooded and Swamp Forest
Macro Group Western Cordilleran montane-boreal riparian scrub
Group Western North American montane-subalpine riparian scrub