Hesperocyparis goveniana Woodland Special Stands
Monterey pygmy cypress stands

USDA Ecological Section Map

Summary Information

  • Primary Life FormTree
  • Elevation100-300 m
  • State RarityS1
  • Global RarityG1
  • DistributionUSA: CA (NatureServe) (Calflora)
  • Endemic to CaliforniaYes
  • Endemic to California Floristic Province and DesertsYes
  • Date Added1995/11/01

Characteristic Species

Hesperocyparis goveniana is dominant in the tree canopy with Pinus muricata and Pinus radiata. Shrubs and herbs may include Arctostaphylos hookeri, Arctostaphylos tomentosa, Rhododendron macrophyllum, Vaccinium ovatum or Xerophyllum tenax.

Vegetation Layers

Tree < 5 m; canopy open to intermittent with trees taller or the same height as shrubs. Shrub layer is usually intermittent. Herbaceous layer is sparse.

Membership Rules


Maritime terraces. Soils sandstone derived, acid, sterile, poorly drained with iron hardpans.

Other Habitat, Alliance and Community Groupings

MCV (1995) Pygmy cypress series
NVCS (2009) Cupressus goveniana shrubland alliance
Calveg Gowen cypress
Holland Monterey pygmy cypress forest
Munz Closed-cone pine forest
WHR Closed-cone pine-cypress
CDFW CA Code 81.603.00

National Vegetation Classification Hierarchy

Formation Class Mesomorphic Tree Vegetation (Forest and Woodland)
Formation Subclass Temperate Forest
Formation Warm Temperate Forest
Division Madrean Forest and Woodland
Macro Group California Forest and Woodland
Group Californian evergreen coniferous forest and woodland