Hesperocyparis stephensonii Woodland Special Stands
Cuyamaca cypress stands

USDA Ecological Section Map

Summary Information

  • Primary Life FormTree
  • Elevation300-1500 m
  • State RarityS1
  • Global RarityG1
  • DistributionUSA: CA (USDA Plants), Baja California, Mexico (TJM2)
  • Endemic to CaliforniaNo
  • Endemic to California Floristic Province and DesertsYes
  • Date Added1995/11/01

Characteristic Species

Hesperocyparis stephensonii is dominant in the tree canopy with Pinus coulteri and Quercus engelmannii. A conspicuous shrub layer includes Adenostoma fasciculatum, Arctostaphylos glandulosa, Garrya flavescens or Salvia sonomensis.

Vegetation Layers

Trees < 16 m; canopy is open to intermittent. Shrub layer is intermittent to continuous. Herbaceous layer is sparse.

Membership Rules


Uplands and riparian zones. The gabbro-derived soils are deep.

Other Habitat, Alliance and Community Groupings

MCV (1995) Cuyamaca cypress unique stands
NVCS (2009) Not treated
Calveg Cuyamaca cypress
Holland Mixed montane chaparral, Southern interior cypress forest
Munz Closed-cone pine forest
WHR Closed-cone pine-cypress
CDFW CA Code 81.610.00

National Vegetation Classification Hierarchy

Formation Class Mesomorphic Tree Vegetation (Forest and Woodland)
Formation Subclass Temperate Forest
Formation Warm Temperate Forest
Division Madrean Forest and Woodland
Macro Group California Forest and Woodland
Group Californian evergreen coniferous forest and woodland