Carex luzulina Provisional Herbaceous Alliance
Woodland sedge fens

Summary Information

  • Primary Life FormHerb
  • Elevation700-3200 m
  • State RarityS2?
  • Global RarityG3
  • DistributionCAN: BC. USA: CA, ID, MT, NV, OR, UT, WA, WY (USDA Plants)
  • Endemic to CaliforniaNo
  • Endemic to California Floristic Province and DesertsNo
  • Date Added2009/09/01

Characteristic Species

Carex luzulina is dominant in the herbaceous layer with Caltha leptosepala, Carex capitata, Carex illota, Carex nebrascensis, Dodecatheon alpinum, Eriophorum crinigerum, Hypericum anagalloides, Juncus ensifolius, Juncus nevadensis, Mimulus primuloides, Muhlenbergia filiformis, Oreostemma alpigenum, Perideridia parishii, Spiranthes romanzoffiana and Triantha occidentalis. Emergent shrubs may be present at low cover, including Kalmia microphylla or Vaccinium uliginosum. Mosses are usually abundant, including Bryum pseudotriquetrum, Drepanocladus spp., Philonotis fontana and Sphagnum subsecundum.

Vegetation Layers

Herbs < 90 cm; cover is continuous.


Wet meadows, sloping transitional fens. Soils are alluvial and may be highly organic. The USFWS Wetland Inventory (1996 national list) recognizes Carex luzulina as an OBL plant.

Other Habitat, Alliance, and Community Groupings

MCV (1995) Fen habitat
NVCS (2009) Not treated
Calveg Wet grasses and forbs
Holland Wet montane meadow, Wet subalpine or alpine meadow, Fen
Munz Freshwater marsh
WHR Wet meadow
CDFW CA Code 45.179.00